i.m. Seamus Heaney
Bobbie Hanvey: Seamus Heaney
born County Derry, Northern Ireland
13 April 1939
died Dublin, Eire
30 August 2013
I went to a talk by the distinguished Irish writer Dermot Healy recently, while I was at a conference in Singapore. As well as plays, screenplays, and fiction - most famously his haunting and terrifying novel A Goat's Song (1994) - Healy has also published a number of books of poetry. He's a pretty unpretentious sort (in fact, when I last saw him, at the conference dinner, he was trying to imitate Tibetan throat music to an increasingly unenthusiastic throng). One of his quips was that he was getting used to people coming up to him and saying how much his poems meant to them, then producing a copy of Death of a Naturalist for his signature ...
Dermot Healy / Seamus Heaney - the names are not really that similar, but he claimed that he got mistaken for the more famous Seamus on a regular basis, and had in fact taken to signing some of his books simply in order to avoid further explanations.
Famous Seamus - that was his nickname in Ireland, another Irish friend told me. Virtually from the beginning of his career, in the mid-sixties, it was apparent that his was a talent on a different scale from most of his contemporaries. As Gavin Ewart put it, wryly: "I think I'm Auden, he thinks he's Yeats." That was the competition - not the other poets he knew, or (increasingly) that he'd taught at Queen's University in Belfast.
I wrote a fairly long piece about Heaney and his sense of poetic genealogy for a guest lecture I gave to Jo Emeney's somewhat bemused English students at Kristin School in 2010. Not just Yeats, but Homer, Shakespeare - above all, Dante, who inspired his wonderful dream vision Station Island of 1984, and whom he translated piecemeal in various collections throughout his career.
He bore his burden of fame (the Nobel Prize, the Professorship of Poetry at Oxford) with grace, I think. It can't have been easy at times, when each of his pronouncements was taken so seriously, weighed up with such scrupulous attention - particularly as the Troubles dragged on, and he had somehow become the voice of Catholic Northern Ireland itself.
His was a fate rather like Dante's - and Yeats's - then: a partisan political as well as a poetic role to play in the tragi-comedy of late twentieth-century history.
Now all that's over and we can go back to the poetry. A few years ago I bought the recordings he'd made of his entire body of work to date: a 15-CD set which I've listened to a couple of times since then. It's a very different experience from reading the books (I have all of them, as well: the 12 collections, at any rate). His shaping and patterning is so clear on the page. When spoken aloud, the poems become more genial and anecdotal, more like the fragments of a complex life story they were always, I imagine, meant to be.
It seems rather fitting that it was Jo Emeney who sent me a link to an obituary by Colm Tóibín, and thus informed me indirectly of his death yesterday. I don't know quite what to think, actually. He was one of the major shapers of poetry in our time. It seems rather unfair that we should have to part with him so soon. I suppose the true breadth of his work will come into focus now, though - that journey he started on almost fifty years ago.
I'll quote a part of his translation of Canto 1 of Dante's Inferno. It seems to say so much more than I can find to say at this moment:
How I got into it I cannot clearly say
for I was moving like a sleepwalker
the moment I stepped out of the right way,
But when I came to the bottom of a hill
standing off at the far end of that valley
where a great terror had disheartened me
I looked up, and saw how its shoulders glowed
already in the rays of the planet
which leads and keeps men straight on every road.
Then I sensed a quiet influence settling
into those depths in me that had been rocked
and pitifully troubled all night long
And as a survivor gasping on the sand
turns his head back to study in a daze
the dangerous combers, so my mind
Turned back, although it was reeling forward,
back to inspect a pass that had proved fatal
heretofore to everyone who entered.
- from Dante's Inferno: Translations by 20 Contemporary Poets, edited by Daniel Halpern (New York: Ecco Press, 1993)
What more can one say? It comes to us all in the end, that "pass that had proved fatal/ heretofore to everyone who entered" - in Seamus Heaney it took away one of the best and the brightest ... Perhaps one might conclude, instead, with some lines from Dunbar's "Lament for the Makaris":
I se that makaris amang the laif
Playis heir ther pageant, syne gois to graif;
Sparit is nocht ther faculte;
Timor mortis conturbat me.
[I see that makers among the rest
play here their pageant, then go to grief;
their faculty is not exempt;
The fear of death obsesses me].
Seamus Heaney: Collected Poems (2009)
Seamus Justin Heaney
- Death of a Naturalist (1966)
- Death of a Naturalist. 1966. London: Faber, 1969.
- Door into the Dark (1969)
- Door into the Dark. 1969. London: Faber, 1985.
- Wintering Out (1972)
- Wintering Out. 1972. London: Faber, 1993.
- North (1975)
- North. 1975. London: Faber, 1992.
- Field Work (1979)
- Field Work. London: Faber, 1979.
- Station Island (1984)
- Station Island. 1984. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1986.
- The Haw Lantern (1987)
- The Haw Lantern. London: Faber, 1987.
- Seeing Things (1991)
- Seeing Things. London: Faber, 1991.
- The Spirit Level (1996)
- The Spirit Level. London: Faber, 1998.
- Electric Light (2001)
- Electric Light. London: Faber, 2001.
- District and Circle (2006)
- District and Circle. London: Faber, 2006.
- Human Chain (2010)
- Human Chain. London: Faber, 2010.
- Selected Poems 1965–1975 (1980)
- Selected Poems 1965-1975. London: Faber, 1980.
- New Selected Poems 1966–1987 (1990)
- New Selected Poems 1966-1987. London: Faber, 1990.
- Opened Ground: Poems 1966–1996 (1998)
- Opened Ground: Poems 1966-1996. London: Faber, 1998.
- New Selected Poems 1988–2013 (2014)
- New Selected Poems 1988-2013. London: Faber, 2014.
- 100 Poems (2018)
- Preoccupations: Selected Prose 1968–1978 (1980)
- The Government of the Tongue (1988)
- The Redress of Poetry: Oxford Lectures (1995)
- The Redress of Poetry: Oxford Lectures. 1995. London: Faber, 1996.
- Finders Keepers: Selected Prose 1971–2001 (2002)
- Finders Keepers: Selected Prose 1971-2001. 2002. London: Faber, 2003.
- The Cure at Troy: A version of Sophocles' Philoctetes (1990)
- The Cure at Troy: A Version of Sophocles' Philoctetes. London: Faber, in association with Field Day Theatre Company, Derry, 1990.
- The Burial at Thebes: A version of Sophocles' Antigone (2004)
- The Burial at Thebes: A Version of Sophocles' Antigone. 2004. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005.
- Sweeney Astray: A version from the Irish (1983)
- Sweeney Astray. 1983. London: Faber, 1984.
- Sweeney's Flight. Photographs by Rachel Giese (1992)
- The Midnight Verdict: Translations from the Irish of Brian Merriman and from the Metamorphoses of Ovid (1993)
- [with Stanisław Barańczak] Laments, a cycle of Polish Renaissance elegies by Jan Kochanowski (1995)
- Beowulf: A New Verse Translation (1999)
- Beowulf: A Verse Translation. 2000. Norton Critical Edition. Ed. Daniel Donghue. New York: W. W. Norton, 2002.
- Diary of One Who Vanished, a song cycle by Leoš Janáček of poems by Ozef Kalda (1999)
- Diary of One Who Vanished: A Song cycle by Leos Janacek / Poems by Ozef Kalda. London: Faber, 1999.
- The Testament of Cresseid & Seven Fables (2009)
- Aeneid: Book VI (2016)
- Eleven Poems (1965)
- The Island People (1968)
- Room to Rhyme (1968)
- A Lough Neagh Sequence (1969)
- Night Drive (1970)
- A Boy Driving His Father to Confession (1970)
- Explorations (1973)
- Stations (1975)
- Bog Poems (1975)
- The Fire i' the Flint (1975)
- Four Poems (1976)
- Glanmore Sonnets (1977)
- In Their Element (1977)
- Robert Lowell: A Memorial Address and an Elegy (1978)
- The Makings of a Music (1978)
- After Summer (1978)
- Hedge School (1979)
- Ugolino (1979)
- Gravities (1979)
- A Family Album (1979)
- Toome (1980)
- Sweeney Praises the Trees (1981)
- A Personal Selection (1982)
- Poems and a Memoir (1982)
- An Open Letter (1983)
- Among Schoolchildren (1983)
- Verses for a Fordham Commencement (1984)
- Hailstones (1984)
- From the Republic of Conscience (1985)
- Place and Displacement (1985)
- Towards a Collaboration (1985)
- Clearances (1986)
- Readings in Contemporary Poetry (1988)
- The Sounds of Rain (1988)
- The Dark Wood (1988)
- An Upstairs Outlook (1989)
- The Place of Writing (1989)
- The Tree Clock (1990)
- Squarings (1991)
- Dylan the Durable (1992)
- The Gravel Walks (1992)
- The Golden Bough (1992)
- Keeping Going (1993)
- Joy or Night (1993)
- Extending the Alphabet (1994)
- Speranza in Reading (1994)
- Oscar Wilde Dedication (1995)
- Charles Montgomery Monteith (1995)
- Crediting Poetry: The Nobel Lecture (1995)
- Commencement Address (1996)
- Poet to Blacksmith (1997)
- An After Dinner Speech (1997)
- Audenesque (1998)
- The Light of the Leaves (1999)
- Ballynahinch Lake (1999)
- Something to Write Home About (2001)
- Towers, Trees, Terrors (2001)
- The Whole Thing: on the Good of Poetry (2002)
- Hope and History (2002)
- A Keen for the Coins (2002)
- Hallaig (2002)
- Arion, a poem by Alexander Pushkin, translated from the Russian, with a note by Olga Carlisle (2002)
- Eclogues in Extremis (2003)
- Squarings (2003)
- Anything can Happen (2004)
- Room to Rhyme (2004)
- The Testament of Cresseid (2004)
- Columcille The Scribe (2004)
- A Tribute to Michael McLaverty (2005)
- The Door Stands Open (2005)
- A Shiver (2005)
- The Riverbank Field (2007)
- Articulations (2008)
- One on a Side (2008)
- Spelling It Out (2009)
- Writer & Righter (2010)
- Stone From Delphi (2012)
- The Last Walk (2013)
- My Yeats (2019)
- [with Ted Hughes] The Rattle Bag (1982)
- [with Ted Hughes] The Rattle Bag: An Anthology of Poetry. 1982. London: Faber, 1985.
- [with Ted Hughes] The School Bag (1997)
- [with Ted Hughes] The School Bag. London: Faber, 1997.
- Collected Poems (2009)
- Collected Poems: Death of a Naturalist (1966); Door into the Dark (1969); Wintering Out (1972); North (1975); Field Work (1979); Station Island (1984); The Haw Lantern (1987); Seeing Things (1991); The Spirit Level (1998); Electric Light (2001); District and Circle (2006). Read by the Author. Set of 15 CDs. Dublin: RTE / Lannan, 2009.
- O'Driscoll, Dennis. Stepping Stones: Interviews with Seamus Heaney. London: Faber, 2008.
Chapbooks & Limited editions:
Seamus Heaney (2010)